The University of Jimma has taken the first step by preparing the DMD (Doctor of dental medicine) program in 2005. This was approved by workshop that was held in Jimma University and the school of dentistry was opened in the same year. It is the only public institution in Ethiopia which train skillfull dental medical doctors. Dr Madhu Rahatan was the first head of the department who served the department until 2008. From 2005-2011, 106 students graduated in DMD degree, so the total number of dentist in Ethiopia increased to 161.
Looking on the growing need of solving national oral health problem and based on research the problems are manifested in the following ways:
Developmental craniofacial anomalies.
Orofacial cyst and tumor
oral and facial trauma
Increased rate of oral and maxillofacial cancer
So, the university of Jimma also has taken the first step by preparing the Clinical oral and Maxilofacial surgery (MD MFS program0 in 2011 these was approved by workshop that was held in Jimma university and department of oral and maxillofacial surgery was opened in the same year. Students were admitted in 2011 E.C